Groupthink is a phenomenon that occurs when the desire for group consensus overrides people's common sense desire to present alternatives, critique a position, or express an unpopular opinion here, the desire for group cohesion effectively drives out good decision-making and problem solving. Groupthink and group dynamics: a social psychological analysis of defective policy decisions authors irving l janis psychology dept yale university. The effective use of tools is necessary for group dynamics to counter groupthink team leaders and facilitators need to be savvy and understand the warning signs of groupthink and take quick action. How group dynamics can be maintained and what are the main approaches to navigate effective group work janis in 1972 defines groupthink as a negative group. Janis's groupthink theory is an appealing explanation of how group process can get in the way of optimal decision making unfortunately, janis was selective and not always consistent in his application of research in group dynamics this paper traces groupthink to its theoretical roots in order to.
The dysfunctional group dynamics of the ingroup he argues that new evidence does not support janis' view that groupthink was largely responsible for. Group dynamics in top management teams: no theory of group dynamics has received as much attention in the academic in his book victims of groupthink, janis. Beyond groupthink builds upon and extends janis's legacy the contributors develop a richer understanding of group dynamics by drawing on alternate views of small-group dynamics the relevant literature is reviewed and the different perspectives are explored in detailed case studies.
On the thirtieth anniversary of groupthink, schwartz and wald (2003) called janis a pioneer in the study of social dynamics (p 4) finally, given that government policy decisions will always exist, the likelihood of future instances of groupthink is rather high. Groupthink is the name given to a theory or model that was extensively developed by irving janis (1972) to describe faulty decision making that can occur in groups as a result of forces that bring a group together (group cohesion. Groupthink was the term janis used for the phenomenon of flawed group dynamics that can let bad ideas go unchallenged and can sometimes yield disastrous outcomes this article will consider how groupthink might have affected jfk and a major television enterprise, and how it can affect you.
Irving janis's concept of groupthink can be seen in the context of our on-again-off-again love affair with groups group decisions have often been seen as offering the benefits of collective wisdom, but may also lead to disastrous consequences. The dynamics of groupthink - the cape organization and research the dynamics of groupthink in terms of the literature available effects of a group. The groupthink video takes an interesting look at avoiding the phenomenon of agreeing in spite of contrary facts viewers about their group dynamics and decision. Groupthink is a widely utilized theory in social psychology, organizational theory, group decision-making sciences, and management fieldsgroupthink, a term coined by social psychologist irving janis (1972), occurs.
—groupthink as defined by irving janis, principal investigator of groupthink groupthink is a phenomenon that occurs when members of a cohesive group are concerned with quickly reaching a consensus in their decision making without critically analyzing and evaluating ideas. Tetlock, peterson, mcguire, chang, and feld (1992) used gdqs (group dynamics q sort) and lisrel the case studies in table 3 apply only a subset of the janis (1982) groupthink model, the. Beyond groupthink builds upon and extends janis's legacy the contributors develop a richer understanding of group dynamics by drawing on alternate views of small-group dynamics the contributors develop a richer understanding of group dynamics by drawing on alternate views of small-group dynamics. Irving janis coined the term groupthink, which happens when in-group pressures lead to a deterioration in mental efficiency, poor tasting of reality, and lax moral judgment (janis, 1982.
Groupthink groupthink is a psychological phenomenon that occurs within a group of people in which the desire for harmony or conformity in the group results in an irrational or dysfunctional decision-making outcome. Janis also made important contributions to the study of group dynamics he did extensive work in the area of groupthink , which describes the tendency of groups to try to minimize conflict and reach consensus without sufficiently testing, analyzing, and evaluating their ideas. Groupthink is a term coined by psychologist irving janis in 1972 to describe a process by which a group can make bad or irrational decisions in a groupthink situation, each member of the group attempts to conform his or her opinions to what they believe to be the consensus of the group. Theory in view of its place within the field of group dynamics, the research work that followed janis's original formulation, and the implications of groupthink research for the crucial question on the conditions that foster high- or low-quality.
Groupthink is a term first used in 1972 by social psychologist irving l janis that refers to a psychological phenomenon in which people strive for consensus within a group in many cases, people will set aside their own personal beliefs or adopt the opinion of the rest of the group. Janis groupthink, theorizing that many failures and pathologies in policy implementation are due, in fact, to the exact opposite group dynamic, ie of plurality of opinions, disagreements, intra-group conflict and lack of consensus resulting in a. One serious and cumulative effect of groupthink is extinction — extinction of a company, product or service that fails to adapt to changing market dynamics or consumer needs.